Krakatoa, also known as Krakatau is a
small island volcano found in Indonesia, between Java and Sumatra, in the Sunda
For more than 200 years Krakatoa was a quiet, little-noticed
island with no eruption occurring. That is until the year 1883.
It all started on 20th of May, with a series of not such
violent explosions in the vent of Perboewatan, first of the three volcanic
cones which erupted during the so named “The 1883 Catastrophe”.
The cone was entirely destroyed. So was Danan, another
volcanic vent on the island, which followed immediately the Perboewatan’s
eruptions in May 1883. Bootsmansrots is the name of a small rocky islet which
remained after the explosions.
The biggest of the three vents, Rakata is standing about 2,700 ft. (820 m) above sea level and
it was the only one that wasn’t completely destroyed during the catastrophe. The remains, an exposed cliff with
an unusual lenticular shape is sometimes called the Eye of Krakatoa.
Eye of Krakatoa
The series of these eruptions were followed by one of the biggest and most disastrous
catastrophes in recorded history.
On 27th of August, the largest sound ever heard on earth
occurred. The biggest and most violent volcanic eruption struck the island of
Krakatoa, 8km off the western tip of Java.
So massive was the disturbance that the island was destroyed
and around 40,000 people were killed.
The impact of this mother of all bangs was not confined to
the immediate area around Java.
The sound and fury of the series of explosions were felt and
heard over 10 per cent of the earth's surface.
Ships in the Red Sea were covered in ash, barometers were
disturbed in Washington and there was a noticeable change in the seas around
Devon in England. There were unusually red sunsets over London and large rafts
of pumice floated to Africa.
Then there was the series of tsunamis of gigantic proportions. Over 200 Javanese villages were
Krakatoa eruption - illustration of the explosion
More to know about Krakatoa
The Krakatoa eruption is considered to be one of the biggest calamities in the modern history
with both geological and geopolitical impact on the
earth. Here can be found some interesting facts about Krakatoa volcano.
Krakatoa's remains formed another volcanic island known today as Anak Krakatoa.